Stewart Library, Corinna

Dedicated as a memorial to the parents of millionaire, Levi M. Stewart, the Stewart Free Library was designed by William H. Grimshaw and completed in 1898. Designed in the Italian Renaissance style, its defining clock tower looms above a three-bay façade of structural brick and granite. The original library, auditorium, and offices inside remain largely unchanged. Added to the National Register in 1974, the building stood at the center of civic life in Corinna for many years, hosting gatherings, graduations, Christmas concerts and other popular town events.

When the upper portion of the tower was threatened with demolition, Ames Associates spearheaded an effort to assess the library’s structural condition and gain recommendations for rehabilitation from the Maine Historic Preservation Commission and Becker Structural Engineers, in cooperation with the Town’s board of selectmen.

Well over a century old, the clock tower masonry was in poor condition due to wind-driven rain, freeze-thaw action and deferred maintenance. These realities led to serious concern over the stability and safety of the tower structure. Of particular concern were areas adjacent to the clock faces, where water was able to enter the wall cavity due to failed joints and absent flashing. The corbelled brick at the base of the tower was also deteriorating as were wood and slate elements at the towers’ peak. 

An initial design by an engineering firm proposed demolishing the top 30 feet of the tower and re-building it with a structural steel core. Thankfully, this approach was abandoned, and a second opinion by Becker Structural Engineers agreed with Ames Associates that the tower could be stabilized and rehabilitated. Repairs entailed the selective re-build of the exterior layer of bricks, stabilization of the interior bricks, repairs to flashing at the clock faces and a complete re-pointing and cleaning. The steeple was stripped and re-flashed, re-shingled and all wood elements repaired in place with epoxy or replaced as needed. The wooden elements were also repainted. 

In Phase II, funded by a $1 million grant from the Next Generation Foundation of Maine, original windows and slate roofing were restored or replaced in kind, and an elevator -- along with a new stair and lobby—were installed. The stairwell addition was designed to meet Maine historic Preservation Commission recommendations and to stand independent of the historic fabric, making use of a structural system which is incorporated within the stair’s carriage, with the stringers acting to resist wind and seismic loads.

This iconic brick tower and steeple were very close to being torn down and reconstructed in a non-descript fashion. But tireless efforts in support of the restoration and fundraising proved successful thanks to cooperation among citizens, architects & engineers, Maine Preservation, non-profits, and state authorities. The resulting structure demonstrates the rallying power of a small, rural Maine town when the cause for preservation is rooted in local civic pride.

Samuel P. Grindle House, Castine

The poet Elizabeth Hardwick once said that Castine has a history more convoluted than that of the multi-cultural Danzig Corridor. She had a point. Successively settled by the French, the Dutch and the British, Castine is a town with a remarkable historical and architectural legacy.

In 1850, Samuel P. Grindle, a ship carpenter, purchased a parcel of land fronting the Castine Town Common. The following summer he constructed a house in the Greek Revival style, which remained in private hands until 2008. Today, the house is a significant contributing element to the cultural landscape of the Castine Town Common, recognized as one of Maine’s best surviving examples of a town green. According to the National Register listing of the Castine Historic District, Castine, "is one of the most historic villages on the coast of New England ... the sum total of its parts adds up to an almost undisturbed eighteenth and nineteenth century environment.”

Sadly, by the 1970s Grindle House was no longer a town treasure. Aluminum siding covered original clapboards and pilasters and the original entrance surround had been destroyed. Fine, 19th-century shutters had been removed, windows replaced and chimneys rebuilt. The interior itself was unfit for habitation – there was just one antiquated bathroom, a coal-fired furnace and exposed electrical wiring. Every rain storm created pools of water in the basement. Miraculously, though, the 1850s interior woodwork, floors, doors, stairs, fireplace mantles, hardware and built-in cabinets had all survived.

In 2013, the Castine Historical Society acquired the house, thanks to the generous bequest of Deborah Pulliam who was devoted to the cultural life of Castine and Maine and its historic architecture. The society was desperate for new office and archival space, and the Grindle House turned out to be an ideal location. Working from nineteenth-century photographs and physical evidence, the exterior was restored to its 1850s appearance. The building was raised up and a new reinforced concrete foundation poured, then faced with original stone. Chimneys were rebuilt, six-over-six sash windows and shutters installed, and the original front door surround re-created. New electrical, security, and life-safety systems were also added, and the house brought into full compliance with ADA accessibility standards. The Grindle House also become home to Castine’s first geothermal heating system.

The Grindle House now provides staff offices for the Castine Historical Society as well as a new, state-of-the-art archival facility. The public areas are decorated in 19th-century style with period-inspired wallpapers, carpets, a painted floor cloth and re-created lighting fixtures. The two front parlors and center stair all are decorated following the recommendations of Andrew Jackson Downing who wrote a popular book on the contemporary architecture of the early 19th century. These spaces serve as a gallery with changing exhibits and a comfortable reading room for researchers.

Because of the generosity of Deborah Pulliam, the Castine Historical Society has rehabilitated a highly visible building in the heart of this historic community. Additionally, they have created a hi-tech facility for the care and service of an expanding collection, while also assuming responsibility for the Castine Town Records, which are now available to the public for the first time in a secure professional setting.